Theological debates in the churches from the fourth century on involved the use of force, or theologians were exiled or persecuted by other theologians who had political clout. Despite the use of force, the Council of Chalcedon in 451 did not settle the controversy surrounding the Incarnation, for two centuries later another Council found it necessary to issue a statement about the two wills of Christ.
Today there is renewed interest in and controversy about the doctrine of the Incarnation. Unfortunately, the response of many theologians has not been to examine Scripture, but to discuss and to parrot confessional statements, as though they were authoritative. To this controversy Gordon Clark brings a Christian philosopher’s insistence on clearly defined terms, for clear definitions are missing from the present controversy. He reaffirms the Scriptural teaching that Jesus Christ was and is both fully God and fully man.
Table of Contents
The Fatal Flaw
Middle Ages and the Reformation
The Nineteenth Century
Divine and Human Persons
About the Author
Gordon Clark (1902-1985) was a Presbyterian minister, and his father was likewise a Presbyterian minister before him. Clark was educated at the University of Pennsylvania and the Sorbonne. His undergraduate degree was in French; his graduate work was in ancient philosophy. He wrote his doctoral dissertation on Aristotle. He quickly earned the respect of fellow professional philosophers by publishing a series of articles in academic journals, translating and editing philosophical texts from the Greek, and editing two standard texts, Readings in Ethics and Selections from Hellenistic Philosophy.
Clark taught at the University of Pennsylvania, Reformed Episcopal Seminary, Wheaton College, Butler University, Covenant College, and Sangre de Cristo Seminary. Over the course of his 60-year teaching career, he wrote more than 40 books. These include a history of philosophy, Thales to Dewey, an outstanding one-volume history of philosophy. He also lectured widely, pastored a church, raised a family, and played chess. More of Clark’s books are now currently in print than at any time during his lifetime.