The Role Relationship of Men and Women
New Testament Teaching
Dr. George Knight sets forth a careful study of the New Testament’s teaching about the role relationships of men and women. He shows how submission is not demeaning, nor the idea of male headship in marriage. He also responds to feminist objections against his evidence.
This is an expanded edition which includes Wayne Grudem’s well-known discussion of the Greek word for “head” (kephale) as used in the New Testament and other Greek literature. His findings were landmark and historical in the shedding of new light on questions about home and church.
About the Author
George W. Knight III (BD, ThM, Westminster Theological Seminary; ThD, Free University of Amsterdam). Dr. Knight is adjunct professor of New Testament at Greenville Presbyterian Theological Seminary and a council member of the Council on Biblical Manhood and Womanhood. He was founding dean and professor of New Testament at Knox Theological Seminary. He then served on the faculty of Covenant Theological Seminary for almost 20 years.
Review from a Reader
There’s a lot of debate today concerning gender. For the Christian we must go back to the Bible as the foundation that formulate our views on the matter. Of course there are resources that examine the subject and God has given us teachers to aid the church. The author George Knight III is a theologian and professor of the New Testament has written this work that is relevant even though it was written nearly thirty years ago.
This book contain three chapters and two appendixes. A lot of these materials were originally articles that the author had published in previous publications ranging from theological journals and the author’s denominational’s report study committee. They are expansion and rearrangement from the original format. Chapter one gives us the introduction while chapter two is on submission and headship in marriage. Chapter three is on submission and headship in the church. There is a conclusion that deals with two objections followed by two appendixes. The first appendix is actually by Wayne Grudem on the meaning of the Greek term translated as “head.” Appendix two is a summary paper for the Advisory Committee for the Reformed Evumincal Synod on the topic of New Testament office and the ministry of women.
Expounding the Complementarian View
I thought this book had quite a bit of exegetical insight that helps one understand the biblical basis for the complementarian view. My favorite part of the book was actually appendix one by Wayne Grudem in which he examined over two thousand examples of the use of the Greek word translated “head” both within the Bible and outside the Bible in order to arrive at a thorough conclusion of whether or not the word only means “source” or it can mean “authority.”
Grudem’s appendix here is a good example of good word study and he does conclusively prove that head does mean “authority over” and also he demonstrated that those who try to argue the Greek word for head primarily means source is exegetically problematic. Even as Grudem exposed commentators and theologians for being unfounded for their assertion (which likely result in them picking it up elsewhere) it also had me more aware of being critical and discerning even in my own use of Bible commentaries and other tools. This appendix was very valuable and in terms of page count it was even longer than some of the chapters! While the book does focus on headship and submission in marriage the book place a bigger emphasis concerning headship and submission in the context of church leadership.
I learned a lot from this book. Don’t judge this book by its size or age for that matter. I recommend it.